Marie Curie Biography

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Marie Curie biography

Marie Curie Biography

Marie Curie, née Maria Sklodowska, born in Warsaw, in Congress Poland in the Russian Empire, on November 7, 1867, the fifth and youngest child of well-known teachers Bronisława, née Boguska, and Władysław Skłodowski. Her father was a secondary school teacher. She got a basic education in her local school as well as some scientific training from her father.  In 1891, she went to Paris in order to continue her studies at Sorbonne where she obtained Licenciateships in Physics and the Mathematical Sciences.

 Maria’s paternal grandfather, Józef Skłodowski, had been a respected teacher in Lublin, where he taught the young Bolesław Prus, who would become a leading figure in Polish literature.

Both of her sides of her family, maternal and paternal had lost all their fortunes, wealth and property because of their patriotic measures, as they were involved in national uprising of the Poland, aim of which was to restore independence, which was a failure and so they had nothing.

Achievements

In 1894 she met Pierre Curie, Professor in the School of Physics and next year they both got married. December 1903 pierre curie, marie cury and Henri Becquerel were awarded “Noble Prize in Physics” by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for the extra ordinary effort which they put in by them in their joint researches on the radiation phenomenon which was originally discovered by Henri Becquerel. After this Marie Curie became the first ever woman to win a noble prize. The money from this reward allowed them to hire an assistant for their labs

After the death of her husband, she got het her position and succeeded him as Head of the Physics Laboratory at the Sorbonne. Not only that, she also gained her Doctor of Science degree in 1903. After the tragic death of Pierre Curie her husband, which happened in 1906, he died in a car accident which resulted in a skull fracture. She then took his place as Professor of General Physics in the Faculty of Sciences and this was the first time that this position was taken by a women and this makes, Marie Curie to be the first female professor of the world. In 1910 she was finally successful isolating radium not only that, she was also able define an international standard for radioactive emissions. But even after that the French academy of sciences failed to nominate her name for the Noble Prize. This was also because of a conspiracy, which was planned by her rivals to defame Marie Curie. They called Marie a foreigner, a Jew and claimed that she was not patriotic towards France. Another riot had been carried out in which Marie was accused of having an affair with one of her previous student. Even with all this going her fame continued to prosper internationally her work was getting famous reaching new heights and because of this, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, overcoming opposition prompted by the Langevin scandal, honoured her a second time, with the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. This was in recognitions for the efforts put in by her in the advancement of chemistry aswell as for discovering new elements radium and polonium.

Marie Curie is the first ever person to receive 2 noble prizes and even till today the only woman to be have won the noble prize twice and till today she stands to be the only person to have won both the noble prize in 2 different fields. This noble prize provided her all the support she needed to pursuade the French government to allow a radium institute to be built on which the French government agreed and so it was established in 1914, where research was conducted in chemistry, physics, and medicine.

 Later she was also appointed Director of the Curie Laboratory in the Radium Institute of the University of Paris, founded in 1914.

Her death ( Marie Curie Biography )

Marie Curie passed away on 4 July 1934, she died at the Sancellemoz sanatorium in Passy, cause of her death is said to be because of being exposed to the radioactive emissions for a long period of time. At that time the damaging effects of ionizing radiation were not known of her work, which had been carried out without the safety measures later developed. She had carried test tubes containing radioactive isotopes in her pockets and she stored them in her desk drawer she was also exposed to x-rays. Marie Curie Biography

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