Jane Austen biography

Jane Austen, a famous English writer and novelist majorly and primarily known for her 6 famous and best novels. . Austen’s plots often explore the dependence of women on marriage in the pursuit of favourable social standing and economic security. Her works critique the novels of sensibility of the second half of the 18th century and are part of the transition to 19th-century literary realism. Her use of biting irony, along with her realism, humour, and social commentary, have long earned her acclaim among critics, scholars, and popular audiences alike. Her best works of lifetime includes: Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park (1814), Emma (1815), Persuasion and Northanger Abbey (1817). These brilliant writing were the reason behind her being famous and well known.

Birth of Jane

Jane Austen was born in Steventon, Hampshire a rural village located in England, on 16 December 1775. She was born a month later then her parents had had thought as the letter written by her father said that her mother was expected to be brought to bed a month earlier then she originally did, but now since she was here her sister finally wasn’t alone now. The winter that year was really harsh and extreme. On 4th of April she got Baptised with the name Jane in her local church.

Family (Jane Austen biography)

Her father’s name was George Austen who belonged to rich old family of merchants who traded in largely wool. According to their custom in each generation all the wealth was given to the eldest successor of the family because of which all his belongings and prestige was taken and he became poor, he and his two sisters were orphaned and hat to be taken in by relatives. George entered St John’s College, Oxford on a fellowship, where he most likely met Cassandra Leigh (1739–1827). She came from the prominent Leigh family; her father was rector at All Souls College, Oxford, where she grew up among the gentry. Both of them married two months after her father’s death on 26 April 1764 at St Swithin’s Church in Bath, by licence, in a simple ceremony.

Austen’s interest

Since an early age she had interest in reading and writing. Since the beginning of time she had access to her father’s library and also to one of her father’s friend’s aswell. She used the same books as her father’s students used in their studies. Private theatricals were an essential part of Austen’s education. From her early childhood, the family and friends staged a series of plays in the rectory barn, including Richard Sheridan’s The Rivals (1775) and David Garrick’s Bon Ton. Austen’s eldest brother James wrote the prologues and epilogues and she probably joined in these activities, first as a spectator and later as a participant. Most of the plays were comedies, which suggests how Austen’s satirical gifts were cultivated. At the age of 12, she tried her own hand at dramatic writing; she wrote three short plays during her teenage years.

At the age of 12 or probably earlier she started writing stories and poems of her very own and to her father it was really amusing, according to him he was shocked to see how detailed her writings were. Also In these works the details of daily life are exaggerated, common plot devices are parodied, and the “stories are full of anarchic fantasies of female power.

In 1793 she completed a large material body which was formed into Volume 1, Volume 2 and volume 3. This material all together contained plays, short novels, verses and other prost. In this she parodied the already existing forms of writings most famous seen among them were the genres of sentimental comedy and sentimental novel. Then came her first ever famous novel.

Her change to a more serious view of life from the extravagances of her earliest writings is evident in Lady Susan, a short epistolary novel written in between(1793–94) although this was not published until 1871. This portrait of a woman bent on the exercise of her own powerful mind and personality to the point of social self-destruction is, in effect, a study of frustration and of woman’s fate in a society that has no use for her talents and skills.

Illness and Death (Jane Austen biography)

By 1816   she clearly started feeling ill and unwell but she ignored the signs and took it lightly and continued with her work rather confronting the cause of this illness. Her condition got worse and worse as she continued to complete her writing The Elliots.  As her illness progressed, she experienced difficulty walking and lacked energy; by mid-April she was confined to bed. In May Cassandra and Henry brought her to Winchester for treatment, by which time she suffered agonizing pain and welcomed death. Austen died in Winchester on 18 July 1817 at the age of 41. She is buried in the north aisle of Winchester cathedral. She was a splendid writer with an extraordinary mind, will power to be realistic and to stand against the society openly claiming and owning what she believed in not only that her writings also displayed her sorrow and frustration that she felt on how the women at that time were treated and how they had no writings as if they weren’t even human beings. She still known till today for how she at her time openly stood for women and their rights not only by her actions but also by her writings aswell.


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