Boudica Warrior Queen
Boudica Warrior Queen was the queen Iceni a British Celtic tribe and who are now famous for leading a rebellion against the Romans who had occupied British lands. She is known to be the first English women to have led a rebellion and a very fierce one. Although the rebellion wasn’t successful and was brought down by romans but still she is still known and celebrated as fierce national heroine who stood for her people.
When she was only 18 she married the prestigious king Prasutagas of Iceni tribe and had two daughters in result of that marriage. In 43 AD when the Romans conquered Britain they had forced most of the tribes to submit to them but they somehow had allowed Prasutagas to be their forced ally. He died in 60 AD with no male heir, he had left his wealth half to the Roman Empire and half to both her daughters in his will but it was ignored and all of his property and land annexed. Not only was that humiliation enough for them then they also flogged Boudica and raped her two daughters in front of the people, it is said that on that day Boudica swore vengeance against them as she said : “Nothing is safe from Roman pride and arrogance. They will deface the sacred and will deflower our virgins. Win the battle or perish, that is what I, a woman, will do.”
Vengeance and Courage
Like other ancient Celtic women, Boudica had trained as a warrior, including fighting techniques and the use of weapons. With the Roman provincial governor Gaius Suetonius Paulinus leading a military campaign in Wales, that is when boudica organized a revolt against the romans, she called for all those against the romans to join her in her cry for revenge and she was successful in doing so. many people not only from her tribe but as well as from other tribes had joined her in her cause who resented the roman rule. After defeating the Roman Ninth Legion, the queen’s forces destroyed Camulodunum, then the captain of Roman Britain, and massacred its inhabitants. earlier the capital of the Trinovantes but at that time a colonia, a settlement for discharged Roman soldiers and site of a temple to the former Emperor Claudius. Upon hearing of the revolt, Suetonius hurried to Londinium (modern London), the 20-year-old commercial settlement that was the rebels’ next target. He lacked sufficient numbers to defend the settlement, and he evacuated and abandoned Londinium. Boudica led a very large army of Iceni, Trinovantes, and others against a detachment of Legio IX Hispana, defeating them, and burning Londinium and Verulamium.
Boudica Warrior Queen
An estimated number of 75000 to 80000 were said to be slaughtered by the forces led by Boudica and many were tortured, thus showing how utterly unacceptable it was for Britons the presence of roman rule in their territory. Whereas the roman army regrouped in the west mid lands where they faced the Britons even though they were heavily outnumbered. Dio says that, even if they were lined up one deep, they would not have extended the length of Boudica’s line. By now the rebel forces were said to have numbered 230,000–300,000. However, this number should be treated with scepticism – Dio’s account is known only from a late epitome.
Boudica exhorted her troops from her chariot, her daughters beside her. Tacitus records her giving a short speech in which she presents herself not as an aristocrat avenging her lost wealth, but as an ordinary person, avenging her lost freedom, her battered body, and the abused chastity of her daughters. She said their cause was just, and the deities were on their side; the one legion that had dared to face them had been destroyed. She, a woman, was resolved to win or die; if the men wanted to live in slavery, that was their choice
but they successfully defeated boudica and her forces, after this defeat the rebellion and the uprising ended and the Queen and her daughters were said to have died from drinking poison as it was unacceptable for them to be captured. Even today she is celebrated today nationally as the embodiment of struggle for freedom and justice, a British folk hero The great anti-imperialist rebel was now identified with the head of the British Empire, and her statue stood guard over the city she razed to the ground.