Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace (born December 10, 1815, Piccadilly Terrace, Middlesex [now in London], England), died on November 27, 1852, Marylebone, London). An English writer and mathematics. She was the first person who could recognize the capacity and potential of a computer and realize they can do much more than simple calculations. Famous for his work on the mechanical general-purpose computer proposed by Charles Babbage, the Analytical Engine. The best in their work. She is considered the first programmer, because it was the first person to publish an algorithm.
Birth & life
She was born on December 10, 1815, Piccadilly Terrace, Middlesex which is now a part of London, England. Her childhood wasn’t a very good one let alone being a happy one. At the time of her birth her father Lord Byron was expecting a glorious boy, it was a disappointment for him when he heard thatit was a boy. The child was named after Byron’s half-sister, Augusta Leigh, and was called “Ada” by Byron himself. On 16 January 1816, at Lord Byron’s command, Lady Byron left for her parents’ home at Kirkby Mallory, taking their five-week-old daughter with her. Although English law at the time granted full custody of children to the father in cases of separation, Lord Byron made no attempt to claim his parental rights, but did request that his sister keep him informed of Ada’s welfare.
On 21 April, Lord Byron signed the deed of separation and they officially separated. Though whatever the reason behind their separation, Lady Byron made allegations on her husband for his immoral actions and she did that throughout her life and this made her and Ada Lovelace infamous in the Victorian society. Ada had never seen her father let alone met him as he died when she was only 8 years and therefore the only influential person she had in her life was her mother, first time she was allowed to see her father’s portrait was when she turned 20.
Ada didn’t had much of a lovely relation with her mother as Lady Byron would often leave her to her grandmother’s Judith, Hon. Lady Milbanke who loved Ada more than anything in the world. But as during those times laws supported and sided with fathers in these situations, Lady Byron would often write letters to Ada and with a note in which she would ask Lady Milbanke to keep these letters safe as they played a crucial role in Lady Byron’s act of being a loveable caring mother, an act she played in front of the whole world. In one letter to Lady Milbanke she called Ada “It”. Lady Byron had her teenage daughter watched by close friends for any sign of moral deviation. Lovelace dubbed these observers the “Furies” and later complained they exaggerated and invented stories about her. Ada Byron had an affair with a tutor in early 1833. She tried to elope with him after she was caught, but the tutor’s relatives recognised her and contacted her mother. Lady Byron and her friends covered the incident up to prevent a public scandal.
On 8 July 1835, she married William, 8th Baron King, becoming Lady King. They had three children: Byron (born 12 May 1836); Anne Isabella (called Annabella; born 22 September 1837); and Ralph Gordon (born 2 July 1839). Immediately after the birth of Annabella, Lady king fell ill in some sort of pain a disease which at that time was unknown to humans it took her almost a year to get back to normal. Her husband later was made Earl of Lovelace and Ada also became the countess of Lovelace after which in 1843 Ada’s mother had appointed William Benjamin Carpenter to teach Ada’s children proper manners and also to teach Ada morals. He fell for her and tried getting close to her and as soon as she realized what he was trying she cut off with him. In the 1840s, Ada flirted with scandals: firstly, from a relaxed approach to extra-marital relationships with men, leading to rumours of affairs as well as gambling which she doubt loved. The gambling led to her forming a syndicate with male friends, and an ambitious attempt in 1851 to create a mathematical model for successful large bets. This went disastrously wrong, she had drown in debts and as a result she had to admit all of this. From 1844 and onwards she had a mysterious and shadowy relation with John Crosse, it was also recorded that she would go mad and panic just by the thought of him not being allowed to come in to meet her but after her death he himself destroyed everything as part of the contract
Even with always being ill and hospitalized she was properly schooled specially in mathematics and science and she was taught privately by William Frend, William King and Mary Somerville. At the age of seventeen and onwords her skills as well as her interest in mathematics developed and emereged and continued till her death. In a letter to Lady Byron, De Morgan suggested that her daughter’s skill in mathematics could lead her to become “an original mathematical investigator, perhaps of first-rate eminence”.
Ada died at the age of 36 on 27 November 1852, the cause being the uterine cancer probably exacerbated by bloodletting by her physicians. This illness of hers lasted for several months during this Annabella took over control of who was to be allowed to see her and using that power she stopped all her friends from meeting Ada and during this time she had to go through a spiritual purification and repent for her past actions. During this time she confessed something to her husband after which he left Ada and abandoned her never looking back but it is still unknown that what she had told him.
She was buried, at her request, next to her father at the Church of St. Mary Magdalene in Hucknall, Nottinghamshire. A memorial plaque in Latin to her and her father is in the chapel attached to Horsley Towers.